Blogs

A Guide to Washer Material Grades


By Patrick Gomes | May 29, 2024

Material grades are classifications of materials based on their properties and composition.

Different material grades are designed to meet specific performance requirements in various high criticality applications such as strength, corrosion resistance, temperature resistance, and durability. 

It’s important to understand materials grades in order to choose the right fasteners and components for your particular application to ensure performance, safety, and longevity. 

In this blog, we’ll explore the various material grades available from Wulfrun and how their properties are suitable for applications in high-stakes industries.

 

Stainless steels

Stainless steel is known for its corrosion resistance, making it a top choice for industries where exposure to harsh environments is common, such as oil and gas, subsea, and petrochemical. 

The strength and durability of stainless steel also make it ideal for components subjected to high pressure and temperature fluctuations. In these industries, stainless steel is often used for pipelines, valves, and storage tanks.

 

Carbon and alloy steels

Carbon steel and alloy steels offer exceptional strength and durability, making them ideal for high-stakes industries like nuclear and military (MOD). Carbon steel has excellent weldability, making it suitable for structural applications ranging from nuclear reactors to military equipment. 

Alloy steels, on the other hand, are tailored with specific alloying elements to enhance properties like hardness, wear resistance, and heat resistance. These materials are commonly used in critical components such as reactor vessels and turbine blades.

 

Power generation materials

In facilities such as fossil fuel power plants, nuclear power plants and renewable energy systems, power generation materials such as alloys containing materials like chromium, manganese and carbon are invaluable. 

In fossil fuel power plants, carbon alloys are commonly used in the fabrication of boilers and piping systems because of their high strength and heat resistance. 

Chromium alloys are used in steam turbines and boiler tubes where they provide resistance to oxidation and corrosion at elevated temperatures. 

In comparison, manganese alloys contribute to the strength and durability of structural components put through intense mechanical stress and thermal cycling.

 

Nickel alloy and duplex steels

Nickel alloys and duplex steels are highly valued in industries where corrosion resistance and mechanical strength are essential, such as oil and gas and chemical processing. 

Nickel alloys offer excellent resistance to corrosion and high temperatures, making them suitable for challenging environments containing acids, salts, and hydrocarbons. 

Duplex steels provide a unique combination of high strength and corrosion resistance, making them ideal for subsea pipelines, offshore platforms, and pressure vessels.

 

Non-ferrous materials

Non-ferrous materials such as aluminium, copper, and titanium are used in high-stakes industries where lightweight components and corrosion resistance are crucial. 

Aluminium alloys are chosen for their low density and high strength-to-weight ratio, making them ideal for aerospace applications, automotive components, and marine structures. 

Copper alloys are excellent conductors and have high thermal properties, making them ideal for electronic systems, heat exchangers, and connectors. 

Titanium alloys are ideal for aerospace and marine applications due to their exceptional strength and corrosion resistance, providing optimal performance and reliability.

 

Material grades we work with

At Wulfrun, we offer an extensive range of materials grades. 

No matter what your industry or project requirements, our approach to customisation means that we can design, manufacture and deliver components in any material grade you require. 

Our washers are made to order and can be manufactured using the following material grades:

Material Grades

Wulfrun can provide components for the following stainless steel material grades: 304 / 304L, 310, 316 / 316L, 321, 347, 410, 421, 422, 431, 904L, ISO 3506-1 / 2 – A4 (50 / 70 / 80 / 100), ISO 3506-1 / 2 – A2 (50 / 70 / 80 / 100).

Wulfrun can provide components for the following carbon & alloy steel material grades: EN3A (070M20), EN8 (080M20), EN8D (080A42), EN16 (605M36), EN19 (708M40), EN24 (817M40), EN26 (826M40), ISO 898-1 Grade 8.8, ISO 898-1 Grade 10.9, ISO 898-1 Grade 12.9, ISO 898-2 Grade 8, ISO 898-2 Grade 10, ISO 898-2 Grade 12, C35E, C45E, 25CRMO4, 42CRMO4.

Wulfrun can provide components for the following petrochemical material grades: ASTM A193 B6, ASTM A193 B7, ASTM A193 B7M, ASTM A193 B8 (CLASS 1 & CLASS 2), ASTM A193 B8T (CLASS 1 & CLASS 2), ASTM A193 B8C (CLASS 1 & CLASS 2), ASTM A193 B8R, ASTM A193 B16, ASTM A320 L7, ASTM A320 L7M, ASTM A320 L43, ASTM A194 2H, ASTM A194 2HM, ASTM A194 7, ASTM A194 7M, ASTM A194 8, ASTM A194 8A, ASTM A194 8M, ASTM A194 8MA, ASTM A194 8T, ASTM A540 GRADE B21, ASTM A540 GRADE B22, ASTM A540 GRADE B23.

Wulfrun can provide components for the following power generation material grades: 1.4913 – X19CRMOVNBN11-1, 1.4923 – X22CRMOV12-1, 1.6582 – 34CRNIMO6, 1.7709 – 21CRMOV5-7, 1.7711 – B16, 1.7729 – DUREHETE 1055 – 20CRMOVTIB4-10.

Wulfrun can provide components for the following nickel alloy and duplex sheet material grades: INCONEL 600, INCONEL 625, INCONEL 718 – API 6A / AMS 5662 / AMS 5663, INCONEL 725, INCONEL X-750, ASTM A453 GRADE 660 (A/B/C/D), HASTELLOY C22, HASTELLOY C276, HASTELLOY X, S32760 ‘A’ / ‘S’ / FG / FLT / NORSOK D59 / NORSOK D60, S31803, S32750, S31254 / 254SMO, MONEL 400, MONEL K500, INCOLOY 800, INCOLOY 800HT, INCOLOY 825, INCOLOY 925, NIMONIC 80A, 17-4 PH, WASPALOY.

Wulfrun can provide components for the following non-ferrous material grades: HIDRURON 130, HIDRURON 191, COPPER NICKEL 70/30, COPPER 90/10, PB101, PB102, PB103, PB104, TITANIUM GRADE 2, TITANIUM GRADE 5, TITANIUM GRADE 7, DEF STAN 02-833, DEF STAN 02-834, C63000, C63200, CZ121 / CA104.

Wulfrun can provide components for the following aircraft material grades: JETHETE X-152.

Customised washer components from Wulfrun

Choosing the right material grade is crucial for ensuring the durability and performance of your washer components. It’s important to take into account the unique requirements of your application, from environmental exposure to mechanical stress. 

No matter what your industry or the environmental challenges in which you operate, Wulfrun can craft components customised to any available material grade, ensuring you have the reliable, high-quality components. 

If you’re unsure which material grades are suitable for your components, don’t hesitate to contact our team today with your project specifications for tailored advice.

Related articles you may be interested in